Suggested Citation for Chapter 10:

Foy, P., Martin, M. O., Mullis, I. V. S., & Yin, L. (2017). Reviewing the PIRLS 2016 Achievement Item Statistics. In M. O. Martin, I. V. S. Mullis, & M. Hooper (Eds.), Methods and Procedures in PIRLS 2016 (pp. 10.1-10.26). Retrieved from Boston College, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center website: https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/publications/pirls/2016-methods/chapter-10.html

IEA–International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement
Boston College