Gender Differences in Achievement

This report describes gender differences in mathematics and science achievement on the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Gender differences are examined by percentiles of performance, by the cognitive processes involved in solving the mathematics and science problems, and by item format.

Adobe PDF icon The complete Gender Differences in Achievement: TIMSS report


The report is also available in smaller files, divided by chapter as listed below.

Executive Summary
Chapter 1 Summary of Gender Differences in Average Mathematics and Science Achievement on TIMSS
Chapter 2 Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Achievement for High-Performing Students
Chapter 3 Examining Item Content and Type by Gender
Chapter 4 Students' Backgrounds and Attitudes Towards Mathematics and Science
Appendix A TIMSS Design and Procedures
Appendix B Gender Differences Across the Performance Distribution
Appendix C Items with the Largest Gender Difference Index (GDI)
Appendix D Acknowledgments


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