Steven has been with TIMSS & PIRLS since 2008. He has contributed to the production and illustration of test materials, publications, and support graphics for TIMSS and PIRLS, beginning with the 2011 study cycles. Previously, he worked for more than two decades as illustrator, graphic designer, then art director for Sky & Telescope and Night Sky magazines. He also worked as a freelance information graphics illustrator in the scientific and biomedical field. Steven received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree, with a minor in cartography, from Salem State University.